Pura Kebo Edan is near Goa Gajah in the east of Ubud suburbs. It is said that this temple was built by Javanese in about the 12th century. It became a war with king Java and king Bali, and Bali was defeated in 1346. After war, king Kertanegara in Java wanted to teach Islam ceremony Koran "Siwa Bhairawa" to the people in Bali. And, the king Kertanegara ordered minister's Kebo Paruk who did buffalo's appearance to teach it to people. There are two kinds of teaching Siwa Bhairawa. It is "Niwerti" of teaching good thing, and "Purawerti" of teaching bad thing. To teach people only Purawerti, the king Kertanegara urged it on him. Because he wanted to teach only Purawerti, and to increase the number of vassals in Bali. However, it was not accepted by people in Bali. The number of a lot of believers who were has decreased fast first. Afterwards, it is a temple of Hinduism now though became a Buddhism temple.
Kebo means "buffalo" in a Bali language, and Edan means "It goes mad" in an Indonesian language. It is an unusual temple where two languages were used.
This temple has the statue of danced Pejeng Giant with four penises. And, two buffaloes' statues sit on the both sides. The feature of the statue has four penises, twines round one of feet the snake, and the other foot tramples the person. The statue is as much as 12 feet in height, and has been built 700 years ago.
There are various opinions in this statue.
The first is a theory called the giant of the animal that appears in the Brahmanism. Two buffaloes started a big fight in old times. Then, the giant of Pejeng that was the symbol of destruction had them stop it. It is a theory of having been made based on the myth.
It is a theory that the second is Satan Siwa Bhairawa who is dancing on the corpse.
It is a theory that the third is Bima. The legend of this Bima is very interesting. Bima falls in love with a certain woman, and the desire to her has risen. However, the penis of Bima was too big for her. And, she has found another lover at last. Bima has found them making love one day. Bima that trembles with anger tramples and killed them.
Still, "Who is this giant statue?" is being discussed.
In the temple, there are a lot of old statues of the 13th century besides this statue. A lot of ruins where the buffalo was moulded are in Pura Kebo Edan. It is said that it is king Kertanegara's minister's portraits. Ministers of the king in java are doing animal's appearance. A lot of the minister who especially did buffalo's appearance exist.
There are statues that rot in parts, and lacked, too. However, it feels the history again.
There is a statue of Ganesa in front of a giant statue. It the forehead of Ganesa is stroked, it is likely to become smart?! There is such a rumor, too
Access; From the airport for 1 hour 30 minute by car.
Open time; 7:00-18:00
Admission fee; Contribution
Breechcloth for the visit to a shrine is necessary.