Pura Besakih is in the place of about 3,000 feet on the mountainside in Mt. Gunung Agung. The Besakih's name is come from the word of "Basuki", it is the old language from Sanskrit "Wasuki". "Basuki" meaning is congratulation in Sanskrit.
There is a sage gate that is called "Candi Bentar", it is built with basalt like thrusting the heaven. Balinese praises the magnificence, they are worshiping it, saying that "Mother's temple". Head temple of Balinese Hinduism. Pura Besakih is one in six representative temples in Bali.
The history of Pura Besakih is old, it is said that it was a place of the training of the priest in the 8 century. Afterwards, the position was established as a temple for royal family's funeral at Gelgel dynasty in the 16th century. Three temples where three representative gods (Shiva, Brahma, and Vishnu) of Hinduism are enshrined are centers, and a lot of shrines are built in the circumference. Pura Besakih has brought a temple big and small about 30,000 in Bali various places together. Pura Besakih is aggregate of about 30 temples.
There is "Mel" piled to 11 layers in the temple. "Mel" is a tower. The height of "Mel" shows the status. There are a lot of beautiful sculptures and statues, it is grand atmosphere.
"Pura Penataran Agung" comes into view when walking in the approach to a temple. Pura Penataran Agung to which Shiva is enshrined is a center of Pura Besakih.
There is Pura Kiduling Kreteg to which Brahma is enshrined in the southwest, and is Pura Batu Madeg to which Vishnu is enshrined in the northwest, and Pura Penataran Agung is at the center. The tourist must not enter in the temple.
In Pura Besakih that head temple of Balinese Hinduism, a lot of festivals are held in one year. Even if I count only Odalan in Pura Besakih by the Wuku calendar, it is done 55 times a year. Wuku calendar meaning is week, and one of system done in Bali. 210 days (30 weeks) are assumed to be one year in the Wuku calendar. Odalan is the anniversary of the establishment festival of each temple. Moreover, it crowds so that it is not possible to move by the worshipper from various place, when it is a grand festival once in every 10 years and 100 years. Therefore, the possibility that the tourist meets a wonderful festival is very high.
It rains easily in the afternoon, and the fog occurs easily, too. Going in the morning recommends it. Going early morning to see sunrise recommends it. Gunung Agung becomes thin purple by the sunrise. This scenery is very fantastic atmosphere. And the stripe of light looks as if god's road, and it becomes impossible to be impressed by the mysterious scenery, and to say anything. The person who is the pagan might be able also to see god's appearance at this time.
The peddler is considerably persistent. Work hard and keep refusing.
The local guide of high priced is considerably persistent. They say, "The holy guide who serves God" and approach. However, only the contracted guide can enter the temple in Pura Besakih. Recently, sightseeing in Pura Besakih is avoided, because there are a lot of troubles of the expensive guide.
It is easy to shake rain because it is the foot in gunung Agung. Bringing the umbrella and the raincoat recommends it.
Access; From the airport for 3 hours by car
Open time; 8:00-18:00
Admission fee; Rp. 7,500